Floods

The risk of flooding has increased in most coastal regions and that risk is projected to grow.

The risk of flooding has increased in most coastal regions of the US since 1900 and that risk is projected to grow. In coastal areas, storm surge happens when strong winds over the ocean drive water onshore and possibly several miles inland. Heavy rains can happen throughout the year, causing flooded streams, ponds, backed-up storm drains, and saturated ground. A flash flood is a rapid flooding of low-lying areas in less than 6 hours, which can tear out trees, destroy buildings, roadways and bridges.

Did you know that…

  • Just 6 inches of moving water can knock you down.
  • 12 inches of rushing water can sweep away small cars and 24 inches can carry away most cars.
  • Floods are the most common natural disaster in the US.
  • 50% of flood related deaths are from people walking or driving into floodwaters.
  • A 2” flood in a home can cause $10,000-20,000 in damage.

High Wind Safety

  • Do not drive through a flooded area. Turn around and find another route. Over half of all flood-related drownings occur when a vehicle is driven into hazardous flood water.
  • Do not walk into or near flood waters. People underestimate the power of moving water. Fast-moving flood water can knock over an adult.
  • If there is a chance of flash flooding, move immediately to higher ground.
  • If floodwaters rise around your car but the water is not moving, abandon the car and move to higher ground. Do not leave the car and enter moving water.

Prepare Your Home

  • Consider installing a sump pump with a battery-operated backup, in case of a power failure. Installing a water alarm will also let you know if water is accumulating in your basement.
  • Raise your electrical components (switches, sockets, circuit breakers, and wiring) at least 12 inches above your home’s projected flood elevation.
  • Place the furnace, water heater, washer, and dryer on cement blocks at least 12 inches above the projected flood elevation.
  • The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) offers flood insurance to homeowners, renters, and business owner

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